FREE WEBSITE OF CONVICTS TO AUSTRALIA
Australia was founded as a penal colony in the late 1700's when the first Fleet of British ships arrived at Sydney Harbour, New South Wales. The first 736 convicts were banished from England to Australia in Botany Bay and over the next 60 years approximately 50,000 criminals were transported from Great Britain to Australia.
This free website, https://convictrecords.com.au/ is based on the British Convict transportation register for convicts transported to Australia between 1787-1867. It was developed by Gold Coast web developer Steve Thomas as a hobby. The website acknowledges that Australian convict records are not complete - partly due to convicts using aliases and multiple research groups producing different sets of data. This website is trying to bring all the data into one central location.
You can search by name by selecting the first letter of surname https://convictrecords.com.au/convicts or type in the full name. The site also lists the 454 convict ships that sailed to Australia whereby clicking on the ship one can find the names of the convicts, has a timeline where one can click on the ship and see the names of the convicts, and one can also search by type of crime.
For those interested in Jewish convicts from 1788 to 1830, an excellent resource with great detail about individuals is John Levi's book, 'The Forefathers: a Dictionary of Biography of the Jews of Australia 1788-1830'. The bulk of the content is about convicts, and the last page lists the free settlers.
NEW INFORMATION SOURCES FOR GREAT BRITAIN
In August 1845, Chief Rabbi Nathan Adler issued an elaborate questionnaire, shortly after his induction, asking all the congregations under his general control for detailed information about synagogal, charitable and educational activities.
This has now been transcribed and stored on JewishGen database at http://www.jewishgen.org/jcr-uk/Newman_papers/Provincial_Jewry_Victorian/statistical_accounts_contents.htm
In 1974 the late Rabbi Dr. Bernard Susser transcribed the results of the questionnaire (including the Chief Rabbi s own handwritten notes) for presentation to the 1974 Conference on Provincial Jewry in Victorian Britain. These conference papers have now been similarly released through jcr-uk. Transcription is not yet complete. http://www.jewishgen.org/jcr-uk/Provincial_Jewry_Victorian.htm
The British General Register Office has just published a new file for records (pre 1913) where in the case of birth records, the mother's name is included.
Go to: https://www.gro.gov.uk/gro/content/certificates/Login.asp
There is information as to how to access the records and obtain birth records.
LIST OF FACEBOOK GENEALOGY PAGES WORLDWIDE
You never know who or what you might find here: http://tinyurl.com/GenealogyFacebookPages.
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